Nvidia claims the Xavier can perform up to 30 trillion operations per second (TOPS) while consuming only 30 watts of power. That’s more than 16,000 times the performance of the computing system in the Carnegie Mellon Chevrolet Tahoe that won the DARPA Urban Challenge in 2007. It’s also about 15 times what is available in the latest generation Tesla AutoPilot system which is powered by earlier generation Nvidia chips. Even with that immense performance, it’s still considered only enough for so-called Level 4 automated systems that operate in limited, geofenced environments.
To get to so-called Level 5 automation that is capable of operating in any environment at any time, Nvidia is now offering the Drive AGX Pegasus. First announced at GTC Europe last fall, Nvidia started shipping Pegasus samples to partners in late spring of 2018.