It warns that electrifying cars will not address traffic jams, urban sprawl and wasted space for parking.
The Centre for Research into Energy Demand Solutions (CREDS) report calls on the government to devise a strategy allowing people to have a good standard of living without needing a car.
The government said it was spending £2bn to promote walking and cycling.
It also says it plans to spend £50bn on improving roads. However, critics accuse the government of not having a serious plan to deal with the social problems associated with mass car ownership.
CREDS is an academic consortium of more than 80 academics across the UK.