Trackless trams which run on virtual rail lines have been tested in China.
Canberra programmer Kent Fitch said such autonomous technologies would revolutionise transport.
“The political, legislative, regulatory and economic issues are going to be much more important than the technological issues,” he said.
“Governments of Singapore and the United Kingdom are very much on the front foot trying to plan for this.
Mr Fitch pointed to Australian jurisdictions where autonomous public transport had been proposed.
“New South Wales has seen this coming, it’s inevitable, and they’re trying to plan for it,” he said.
“In Canberra there’s that emphasis on an old mode of transport when something new is just about to happen.”